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dc.contributor Hibbard, David
dc.contributor.advisor Horst, Kyle
dc.contributor.author Slankard, Emma K.
dc.contributor.other Schwartz, Neil H.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-26T16:46:06Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-26T16:46:06Z
dc.date.issued 2017-09-26
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10211.3/196392 en
dc.description.abstract Body image dysphoria is a prevalent issue, primarily for young women, that can potentially influence psychological and physical disorders. The image of the “perfect” body is frequently shown in media and yet impossible to achieve in reality. As a result, many individuals experience cognitive dissonance between their ideal and actual selves. For appearance schematic individuals, this dissonance can cause great distress. Social Physique Anxiety is known to be highly correlated with body image dysphoria, however the relationship between body image dysphoria and social physique anxiety in appearance schematic individuals is not thoroughly understood. This study aims to investigate this dynamic. A survey compiling inventories for three variables: The Revised Appearance Schema Inventory (ASI-R), Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS), and the Situational Inventory of Body Image Dysphoria (SIBID) was distributed to CSU, Chico students at the beginning, middle and end of the semester. Students were enrolled in either a yoga, weightlifting, or aerobic dance class in the kinesiology department. Students enrolled in classes in the psychology department were used as a control group. First, paired sample t-tests were used to identify significant changes in the three inventory scores between the beginning and the end of the semester. Next, a One- Way ANOVA was used to identify the effects of exercise and general physical activity on the three inventory scores. A second One-Way ANOVA was then used to compare SPAS and SIBID scores between individuals who had high and low ASI-R scores. Finally, a multiple regression analysis was used to identify a mediating relationship between the three variables. Exercise and physical activity had no effect on any of the three inventory scores throughout the semester. Individuals who were more appearance schematic had greater social physique anxiety and body image dysphoria than individuals who were less appearance schematic. Finally, body image dysphoria was a mediating variable between appearance schema and social physique anxiety. In other words, appearance schematic individuals were more likely to have social physique anxiety if they also had body image dysphoria. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship CSU, Chico en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Body image dissatisfaction en_US
dc.subject Social anxiety en_US
dc.subject Appearance en_US
dc.subject Exercise en_US
dc.title Appearance schemas, social physique anxiety and body image dysphoria in exercising individuals en_US
dc.college Behavioral and Social Sciences en_US
dc.program Psychology en_US
dc.degree MA en_US
dc.degree.option Psychological Science en_US

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