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dc.contributor Transchel, Kate
dc.contributor.advisor Matray, James
dc.contributor.author Pemberton, Megan Gallagher
dc.contributor.other Livingston, Jeffery
dc.contributor.other Yousefi, Najm Al-Din
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-20T15:29:04Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-20T15:29:04Z
dc.date.issued 2017-03-20
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10211.3/188601
dc.description.abstract This thesis examines what led to Secretary of State Henry Kissinger’s surprise and shock when war broke out between Israel and Egypt in October 1973. During President Richard M. Nixon’s first term, Kissinger, as Nixon’s National Security Advisor sparred with then Secretary of State, William Rogers, dismissing and undermining the State Department’s policy toward the Middle East in a quest to gain more power and influence. For Kissinger, the conflict in the Middle East served as a bargaining chip with the Soviets, a way to gain diplomatic traction and neutralize Soviet influence. Instead of working to solve the Middle East problems, Kissinger’s policy aimed to keep the Middle East mired in the status quo, much to the chagrin of Egyptian President, Anwar Sadat. Finally, U.S. policy on the Middle East under Kissinger’s direction remained unexamined despite the terrorist attacks at the 1972 Munich Olympics and the subsequent Israeli retribution for those violent acts. Because of these reasons, Kissinger was surprised when the October War broke out. Kissinger’s inaction in failing to anticipate the war had a negative impact on the achievement of important U.S. policy objectives in the Middle East. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship CSU, Chico en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Munich Massacre en_US
dc.subject Yom Kippur War en_US
dc.subject October War en_US
dc.subject Foreign policy en_US
dc.subject American foreign policy en_US
dc.title Nothing less than a disaster: Henry Kissinger, the Munich Olympics attack, and the October War en_US
dc.college Humanities and Fine Arts en_US
dc.program History en_US
dc.degree MA en_US

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