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dc.contributor Transchel, Kate en
dc.contributor.advisor Matray, James en
dc.contributor.author Pemberton, Megan Gallagher en
dc.contributor.other Livingston, Jeffery en
dc.contributor.other Yousefi, Najm Al-Din en
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-20T15:29:04Z en
dc.date.available 2017-03-20T15:29:04Z en
dc.date.issued 2017-03-20 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10211.3/188601 en
dc.description.abstract This thesis examines what led to Secretary of State Henry Kissinger’s surprise and shock when war broke out between Israel and Egypt in October 1973. During President Richard M. Nixon’s first term, Kissinger, as Nixon’s National Security Advisor sparred with then Secretary of State, William Rogers, dismissing and undermining the State Department’s policy toward the Middle East in a quest to gain more power and influence. For Kissinger, the conflict in the Middle East served as a bargaining chip with the Soviets, a way to gain diplomatic traction and neutralize Soviet influence. Instead of working to solve the Middle East problems, Kissinger’s policy aimed to keep the Middle East mired in the status quo, much to the chagrin of Egyptian President, Anwar Sadat. Finally, U.S. policy on the Middle East under Kissinger’s direction remained unexamined despite the terrorist attacks at the 1972 Munich Olympics and the subsequent Israeli retribution for those violent acts. Because of these reasons, Kissinger was surprised when the October War broke out. Kissinger’s inaction in failing to anticipate the war had a negative impact on the achievement of important U.S. policy objectives in the Middle East. en
dc.description.sponsorship CSU, Chico en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.subject Munich Massacre en
dc.subject Yom Kippur War en
dc.subject October War en
dc.subject Foreign policy en
dc.subject American foreign policy en
dc.title Nothing less than a disaster: Henry Kissinger, the Munich Olympics attack, and the October War en
dc.college Humanities and Fine Arts en
dc.program History en
dc.degree MA en

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